The dha. The hi of dhism is the of one man’s spiritual journey to Enlightenment, and of the teachings and ways of living that developed from it. Gautama – The dha. By finding the path to Enlightenment, was led from the pain of suffering and rebirth towards the path of Enlightenment and became known as the dha or ‘awakened one’.

A life of luxury. Gautama was born around the year 580 BCE in the village of in . He was born into a royal family, and his privileged life insulated him from the sufferings of life; sufferings such as sickness, age and death.

Discovering cruel reality. One day, after growing up, marrying and having a child, went outside the royal enclosure where he lived. When he went outside he saw, each for the first time, an old man, a sick man, and a corpse. This greatly disturbed him, and he learned that sickness, age, and death were the inevitable fate of human beings – a fate no-one could avoid.

Becoming a holy man. had also seen a monk, and he decided this was a sign that he should leave his protected royal life and live as a homeless holy man. ’s travels showed him much more of the the suffering of the world. He ed for a way to escape the inevitability of death, old age and pain first by studying with religious men. This didn’t provide him with an answer.