The . The hi of is the of one man’s spiritual journey to Enlightenment, and of the teachings and ways of living that developed from it. Gautama – The . By finding the path to Enlightenment, was led from the pain of suffering and rebirth towards the path of Enlightenment and became known as the or ‘awakened one’.

A life of luxury. Gautama was born around the year 580 BCE in the village of in . He was born into a royal family, and his privileged life insulated him from the sufferings of life; sufferings such as sickness, age and death.

Discovering cruel reality. One day, after growing up, marrying and having a child, went outside the royal enclosure where he lived. When he went outside he saw, each for the first time, an old man, a sick man, and a corpse. This greatly disturbed him, and he learned that sickness, age, and death were the inevitable fate of human beings – a fate no-one could avoid.

Becoming a holy man. had also seen a monk, and he decided this was a sign that he should leave his protected royal life and live as a homeless holy man. ’s travels showed him much more of the the suffering of the world. He ed for a way to escape the inevitability of death, old age and pain first by studying with religious men. This didn’t provide him with an answer.